Stromboli, one of the few active volcanoes in the world. Sitting atop a mountain which rises 2,000 meters out of the ocean floor it is truly one of most intriguing natural wonders that Italy has to offer.
Situated in the Tyrrhenian Sea, the volcano is an island unto itself and even has its own resident population that braves its periodical spurts of smoke, ash and lava to concentrate on guiding tourists around its paths. As one of the Aeolian Islands, a volcanic archipelago north of Sicily, it is an area of much scientific interest especially as this horse-shoe shaped crater has been erupting continuously for at least the last 2,000 years. Known as the ‘Sciara del Fuoco’ (stream of fire) the curious shape has been created by various collapses on the north-western side of the cone, after explosions occur at the summit craters with mild to moderate eruptions of hot volcanic bombs at intervals ranging from minutes to hours. This characteristic Strombolian eruption, as it is known, is also observed at other volcanoes worldwide. Eruptions from the summit craters typically result in few second-lasting mild energetic bursts emitting ash, incandescent lava fragments and lithic blocks up to few hundred meters high.